||View of Braich Melyn, Bethesda, N. Wales, UK. Moonrise over a forestry plantation of Sitka spruce (Picea sitchensis). Changes in land use. The dead tree in the plantation was oak(Quercus petraea), probably ringbarked, when the conifers were planted. Changes and declines in agricultural practices on marginal areas, such as this, allow the income of Rush and Bracken.
||A meadow full. Gwaun-y-gwiail farm with Carnedd Dafydd in the distance. Bethesda, N. Wales, UK.
||European white birch
||View of old,walled field system. Braich Melyn, Bethesda, N. Wales, UK. Silver birch and Bracken slowly taking over as grazing pressure is reduced on this marginal ground. In time, if grazing was stopped, this view would naturally be dominated by a cyclical dominance of birch and oak.